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Competitiveness / Healthcare


New Swedish approach in cancer treatment treated without surgery

Monday, 30 September 2013
Swedish researchers have developed a method described as a revolutionary model for cancer treatment with the use of intense heat into the tumour. This model is a treatment of breast cancer, which requires no surgery

According to the technique, it has to do with the use of heat in a controlled and precise manner generated in the tumour, which neutralizes the cancer cells before they can spread.

Some 50 patients said to have been treated using the model and with good results, but Dr Lars Löfgren at Capio St Göran's Hospital in Stockholm, Sweden,  now requires larger studies to cement the model as a scientific breakthrough.
Breat treatmentGranscole / file image
The researchers have used the technique in women with signs of early breast cancer and one of those who completed the treatment, Gunilla Pilo, have been exhibited in Stockholm. She was one of the first participants in the research project, a couple of years ago. She thinks the effect was mild.

"I was able to lie and look at the screen when they put the needle, and so they put on stream. I felt nothing, it was less than a dental anaesthetic," she said to radio Sweden

Using ultrasound imaging, doctor put an electrode into the tumour and heats it to about 70 degrees Celsius. The tumour cells die and redistribution becomes impossible, according to the scientist behind the method, Professor Hans Wiksell at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden.
"I wanted to kill this tumour tissue as gently as possible, and without risking further mechanical spread, to live tumour cells. They went away like submarines.
After the procedure, patients are followed up with ultrasound and MRI to check the results," he said.

The researchers believe that if this method is to be introduced in routine care, there would be several benefits to the patients.
One of it is that the patient would not need to be hospitalised and would not need to be put to sleep. Treatment can be performed on an examination under local anaesthesia. All the treatment process takes about an hour and thereafter the patient can be allowed to go home. There will be no surgical scars and it will be cheaper for those who will pay for the care.

After some 50 completed treatment, the sergeants say a larger study is now needed to scientifically demonstrate the method's advantages.

There will be an important challenge to prove that a new technology is equivalent or better than the current standard technology. According to their calculation, it would  require some 1,500 patients and thus more challenges to implement organizationally and financially.
By Team

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