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Alarming increase of sexually transmitted diseases in Sweden

Thursday, 23 August 2012
Concerns about the spread of sexually transmitted diseases caused by unprotected sex has led to an can lead to unpleasant surprises in Sweden. Despite calls for the use protection during sexual activities in the country, sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhoea and Chlamydia have increased sharply among young people.

The fear among medical practitioners and medical researchers is that mutated strands of multi-resistant bacteria could start spreading quickly.

There are already reported instances of drug - resistant gonorrhoea. This is expected to spreads as epidemiologist and authorities say there are no antibiotics yet to help attach those bacteria described as hard core.

Among the venereal diseases, gonorrhea and chlamydia continues to increase, particularly among young women and gay men. During the first half of this year 599 cases of gonorrhea was reported, which is an increase of almost 50 percent compared with the same period last year, according to the Swedish Infectious Disease Control (SMI). 170 of those infected were women, 53 percent more than last year.

Among the men infected were those who had had intercourse with other men in which the increase was 67 percent more than last year.

The age groups that increase the most are adolescents and young adults, but the increase is also great for women. Unprotected sex with different partners with out the use of protection are the likely course of the spread, authorities say.

At the same time the effect of the drugs on gonorrhoea is subsiding very quickly. More and more medical researchers are worried that a strand of multi-resistant bacteria from sexually transmitted diseases will grow in Sweden and the world.

"There is a big fear right now that there could be a rapid spread and it is very difficult to get a vaccine," says Magnus Unemo, associate professor of microbiology at the University Hospital in Orebro and expert at the World Health Organization, reports Swedish television.

Gonorrhoea when it becomes incurable, it can cause  serious complications such as ectopic pregnancy, epididymitis and sterility.

The resistant bacteria can spread very quickly. In some cases in the UK and the U.S. there have been attempts in which a combination therapy, giving two different antibiotics at the same time to similar cases. The result has been that there are some cases where it has not worked, authorities.

Chlamydia is otherwise the disease that affects most, according to SMI. During the first half of 2012, 17,834 cases were reported, an increase of 4.5 percent. More than half of those infected were women, and the largest increase was in the age group 25-29 years. One the whole, it is still the young, those between 15 and 24 who make up the largest group of those at risk.
by Team

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